Paolo Cuttitta, Delocalization, Humanitarianism, and Human Rights: The Mediterranean Border Between Exclusion and Inclusion, Antipode, 2017, p.1–21

Abstract

« By reflecting on both the exclusionary and the inclusionary role of humanitarian migration and border management in the Central Mediterranean, this paper explores the relationship of humanitarianism with the delocalization of the EU border and with human rights. First, the paper analyses the role of human rights in the institutional humanitarian discourse about migration and border management at the Mediterranean EU border. The paper then analyses the Italian operation Mare Nostrum and, more generally, Italian humanitarianized border management in the Central Mediterranean. In doing this, it shows that humanitarianism contributes to the discursive legitimation and spatial delocalization of exclusionary policies and practices. Moreover, humanitarianism contributes to a symbolically and legally subordinate inclusion of migrants in the European space. While such humanitarian inclusion can be more inclusive than what human rights would require, it is posited as an act of grace rather than an enhancement of human rights. In both its exclusionary and inclusionary dimension, humanitarianism transcends and expands territorial boundaries by outsourcing responsibilities and enhancing delocalized border management »

doi: 10.1111/anti.12337

PDF:

http://www.dsps.unict.it/sites/default/files/files/Cuttitta_Delocalization%2C%20Humanitarianism%20and%20Human%20Rights.pdf