Archives de catégorie : Schémas/cartes MEDIMURS

EXODI/ESODI, Migratory routes from Sub-Saharan Countries to Europe, Doctors for Human Rights

« EXODI is an interactive web map built using the testimonies of 2,600 migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa collected over four years of activity (2014-2017) by the operators and volunteers of Medici per i Diritti Umani/Doctors for Human Rights (Medu). These testimonies were gathered amongst those 900 thousand men, women and children who have landed on Italian shores in the past 16 years, of which almost half in the last 36 months. They belong to those who survived the crossing of the Central Mediterranean (which has seen at least twenty thousand migrants dead or missing since 2002), the crossing of the Sahara and the kidnapping and imprisonment along these routes, whose number of victims is tragically high although unknown in its entirety.

The map describes in the most simple and detailed way possible the Migratory Routes from Sub-Saharan countries to Italy, along with the difficulties, violence, tragedies and hopes encountered by the witnesses throughout their journeys.

This map is addressed to all those who want to further deepen their understanding of these extreme human experiences which mark our time. In this sense, EXODI is not only a map with routes or a report of data and statistics. It is, above all, a testimony of these life stories. It is an interactive and growing web map periodically updated with new testimonies gathered from all those who are willing to share the story of their journey. The information here presented was collected in Sicily (in the Pozzallo Hotspot, in the the Centres of Special Reception for Asylum Seekers/CAS of Ragusa and in the Reception Centre for Asylum Seekers/CARA of Mineo) and in Rome (in informal reception centers and at the Medu Psychè Centre for rehabilitation of victims of torture). The testimonials were also collected in Ventimiglia and in Egypt, specifically in Aswan and Cairo. Medu is active throughout all of these locations, working to guarantee social services and medical care to migrants as well as psychological rehabilitation for victims of torture and inhuman and degrading treatment. Through updated data EXODI also aims to describe the physical and mental consequences of these migratory journeys on the health of an entire generation of young Africans; a journey in which, as one witness said, « you are no longer considered a human being ». » (ed.)

http://esodi.mediciperidirittiumani.org/en/

foto di narciso contreras per medu

 

Carte : L’Italie, port de l’Europe, 2012

Italie-port-de-lEurope-709x1024

 

« Suite à la militarisation et la multiplication des contrôles migratoires sur les côtes mauritaniennes, marocaines et andalouses, les routes empruntées par les migrants en provenance d’Afrique subsaharienne se sont progressivement déplacées vers l’est. Aujourd’hui, l’Italie constitue une des principales portes d’entrée maritime pour les migrants qui prennent la mer depuis les côtes grecques, libyennes et tunisiennes et dans une moindre mesure depuis l’Albanie, l’Algérie et l’Égypte. Les migrants qui réussissent la traversée sont généralement arrêtés par les gardes-côtes italiens avant d’atteindre le continent, puis enfermés dans d’immenses camps aux fonctions diverses : premiers secours, vérification des identités, expulsions. Comme c’est aussi le cas ailleurs en Europe, sur le reste du territoire italien, d’autres camps servent également à faire le tri parmi les migrants déjà présents sur le territoire en vue de leur éventuel renvoi vers leur pays d’origine. »

L’Italie: port de l’Europe    (pdf – 236 kB )

Source : Migreurop, Atlas des migrants en Europe: une géographie critique des politiques migratoires, A. Colin, 2012